Alimentul ideal pentru un nou-născut este laptele matern. Acesta conține toți nutrienții indispensabili creșterii și dezvoltării armonioase a copilului, precum și substanțe care îi întăresc sistemul imunitar și îl protejează împotriva infecțiilor. Este unanim recunoscut faptul că alăptatul la sân, chiar și pentru o perioadă scurtă (4-8 săptămâni), are efecte favorabile asupra bebelușului și beneficii pe termen lung pentru sănătatea acestuia.

nou _ nascuti _ foto _ 2Profilul ideal de alimentație la nou-născut:

exclusiv lapte matern în primele 4-6 luni de viață

lapte matern și diversificarea alimentației până la vârsta de 1 an.

Un sugar are nevoie zilnic de 150-200 ml lapte matern pentru fiecare kilogram de greutate corporală, sub această cantitate considerându-se că este hrănit insuficient.

Ritmul meselor la sugari

Inițial, nou-născutul trebuie hrănit la intervale de 2-3 ore, iar după o lună intervalul dintre mese poate crește la 4 ore. De la vârsta de 4 luni se poate renunța la masa din timpul nopții.

Fie că vorbim de lapte matern sau de formule farmaceutice care au la bază laptele de vacă modificat, alimentația copilului este diferită de cea a unui adult, fiind bazată în special pe lipide (55% grăsimi) și pe carbohidrați (39% glucide), în timp ce proteinele reprezintă un procent de numai 6% din aportul caloric total.

1. Lipidele

Grăsimile din lapte sunt principala sursă de energie din dieta sugarului. O importanță deosebită o prezintă acizii grași esențiali implicați în dezvoltarea creierului și a retinei, care se găsesc în cantități satisfăcătoare în laptele matern.

În prezent formulele de lapte din farmacii sunt îmbogățite și ele cu acizi grași esențiali care lipsesc din laptele de vacă (în special acid arahidonic și DHA). Acest lucru permite bebelușilor hrăniți cu lapte praf să aibă performanțe intelectuale similare cu cele ale copiilor alăptați la sân.

2. Glucidele

Dizaharidele din lapte sunt reprezentate în principal de lactoză, un carbohidrat ușor de digerat care intensifică absorbția calciului. Laptele matern conține și anumite glucide cu acțiune protectoare la nivelul tubului digestiv al nou-născutului, care favorizează dezvoltarea unor microorganisme specifice.

3. Proteinele

Aminoacizii din laptele de mamă sunt:

• lactalbumina – este ușor de digerat

• lactoferina – facilitează absorbția fierului în sângele copilului, reglează dezvoltarea bacteriilor intestinale sau chiar le distruge pe cele patogene.

Chiar dacă formulele pentru copii conțin proteine din laptele de vacă, ameliorate ca și compoziție și grad de digerabilitate pentru a se asemăna cât mai mult cu laptele matern, acestea nu pot fi identice.

4. Vitaminele

Copilul alăptat la sân primește toți nutrienții de care are nevoie, cu excepția vitaminei D care are rol în mineralizarea oaselor.

Este esențial ca nou-născuții hrăniți la sân să primească zilnic suplimente de vitamina D până la vârsta de 6 luni.

Femeile care alăptează dar au o alimentație săracă în vitamine și minerale, pot recurge la suplimente de vitamina A, C și D care se administrează sugarilor sub formă de picături.

Formulele lactate din farmacii sunt deja îmbogățite cu vitamine și minerale, deci nu mai este nevoie de alte suplimente.

Sinteza vitaminei D se face și în organismul copilului sub acțiunea razelor ultraviolete, de aceea inclusiv pentru sugari sunt recomandate plimbările zilnice în aer liber (minim 2 ore/săptămână).

5. Mineralele

Laptele matern are un aport optim de calciu necesar creșterii oaselor bebelușului, calciu care este ușor de absorbit și utilizat. De asemenea, laptele matern este sărac în sodiu (sare) și bogat în fier și zinc.

După 4-6 luni de hrănă exclusiv de la sân și epuizarea depozitelor de fier primite la naștere, sugarii au nevoie de suplimente de fier. Sursa cea mai bună o constituie cerealele îmbogățite cu fier introduse în dieta zilnică odată cu diversificarea alimentației.

Suplimentele de fier pentru nou-născut sunt obligatorii, în următoarele doze:

6 mg/zi până la vârsta de 6 luni

10 mg/zi până la vârsta de 3 ani

6. Apa

Cu cât copilul este mai mic, cu atât corpul lui conține mai multă apă. Laptele asigură în mod normal hidratarea corespunzătoare, aportul suplimentar de apă fiind recomandat doar dacă este foarte cald afară sau aerul este uscat.

Laptele matern și factorii imuni

Alăptatul la sân crește protecția împotriva infecțiilor datorită conținutului său de agenți antivirali și antibacterieni. Factorii imuni din laptele matern opresc dezvoltarea bacteriilor patogene din tubul digestiv și protejează sugarul împotriva afecțiunilor intestinale (vomă, diaree) în primele luni de viață. Anticorpii din laptele matern reduc severitatea și durata simpto-melor din infecțiile cu virusuri (rotavirus), infecțiile urechii interne sau infecțiile respiratorii.

Pe termen lung, copii hrăniți la sân au colesterolul din sânge mai mic și un risc scăzut de boli cardiovasculare.

În primele 2-3 zile de lactație sânii produc COLOSTRU, o substanță bogată în anticorpi și limfocite, provenite din sângele matern. Acesta asigură nou-născuților protecție împotriva bolilor pe care le-a avut mama și la care aceasta a devenit imună. Anticorpi conține și laptele, însă într-o cantitate mult mai mică.

Știați că…

Nu există nicio dovadă științifică conform căreia berea consumată de mamă ar avea proprietăți galactogene? În plus, alcoolul din bere trece direct în lapte și este absorbit de nou-născut, iar vitaminele din grupul B se găsesc și în alte alimente de bază (pâine, cereale, leguminoase), nu doar în băuturile alcoolice.

 

*Material extras din cartea “Sănătatea are gust”, Dr. Mihaela Bilic, pag. 58-59

 

192 Responses to Alimentația la nou-născut
  1. I don’t even know how I finished up right here, however I thought this put up was once good. I do not recognise who you might be but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger if you happen to aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  2. tgzZCw richard goozh What is the easiest way to add a blog to my existing website?

  3. Very good blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?

  4. Take care!! Here iаАаб‚Т€а‚ my bl?g casino bonus

  5. Major thankies for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  6. Rattling great info can be found on website.

  7. IE still is the marketplace chief and a large portion of other people will leave out

  8. There as definately a lot to learn about this topic. I love all of the points you have made.

  9. wow, awesome article.Really thank you! Cool.

  10. You, my pal, ROCK! I found exactly the info I already searched everywhere and simply could not find it. What an ideal web-site.

  11. It as laborious to search out knowledgeable people on this matter, but you sound like you understand what you are speaking about! Thanks

  12. Ita??a?аАа’аАТ‚аЂ s actually a great and helpful piece of info. I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  13. There as definately a lot to learn about this topic. I like all the points you made.

  14. If I issue my articles to my school document are they copyrighted or else do I have several ownership greater than them?

  15. Real clean web site, appreciate it for this post.

  16. Some truly prize blog posts on this internet site , saved to favorites.

  17. There is visibly a bunch to realize about this. I believe you made some nice points in features also.

  18. Major thankies for the blog.Really thank you! Much obliged.

  19. you have an excellent weblog right here! would you like to make some invite posts on my weblog?

  20. Thanks so much for the post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  21. Some really prime blog posts on this site, saved to favorites.

  22. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe that this website needs a lot more attention. I all probably be back again to see more, thanks for the advice!

  23. Looking forward to reading more. Great article.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  24. Major thankies for the blog article.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

  25. There as definately a lot to find out about this issue. I like all of the points you made.

  26. Thanks for the article.Thanks Again. Great.

  27. This blog was how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I ave found something which helped me. Cheers!

  28. It as another strong business for michael kors bags outlet. In

  29. So cool The information mentioned in the article are some of the best available

  30. Say, you got a nice post.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  31. If you are ready to watch comical videos online then I suggest you to pay a visit this web page, it includes in fact so humorous not only movies but also additional data.

  32. Im grateful for the post.Really thank you! Cool.

  33. This is one awesome article.Really thank you! Want more.

  34. Perfect piece of work you have done, this site is really cool with superb info.

  35. pretty valuable material, overall I feel this is worth a bookmark, thanks

  36. pretty practical material, overall I think this is worthy of a bookmark, thanks

  37. You are amazing! Thanks! Feel free to visit my web blog wordpress developer

  38. This blog was how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something that helped me. Cheers!

  39. You have remarked very interesting details ! ps nice site. аЂа‹Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius.аЂа› by Conan Doyle.

  40. Really enjoyed this blog article.Really thank you! Want more.

  41. Wow, that as what I was seeking for, what a stuff! present here at this website, thanks admin of this website.

  42. to me. Nonetheless, I am definitely happy I came

  43. Looking forward to reading more. Great article post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  44. Loving the information on this internet site , you have done great job on the blog posts.

  45. Wonderful article! We will be linking to this great article on our website. Keep up the good writing.

  46. My searches seem total.. thanks. Is not it great once you get a very good submit? Great ideas you have here.. Enjoying the publish.. best wishes

  47. Im thankful for the blog post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

  48. Very good blog post. I definitely love this website. Stick with it!

  49. I value the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  50. You ought to take part in a contest for one of the best blogs on the web. I will recommend this site!

  51. This website definitely has all of the info I needed about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  52. Looking forward to reading more. Great article.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  53. wow, awesome article post.Really thank you! Much obliged.

  54. Im grateful for the post.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  55. Really enjoyed this blog post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  56. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.

  57. Informative and precise Its hard to find informative and precise information but here I noted

  58. This website was how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thanks!

  59. This unique blog is no doubt awesome additionally factual. I have found many handy stuff out of it. I ad love to return every once in a while. Thanks a bunch!

  60. Outstanding post, I conceive people should learn a lot from this weblog its real user genial. So much wonderful information on here :D.

  61. Very good article. I absolutely appreciate this website. Keep writing!

  62. It is really a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  63. Some really prime blog posts on this site, saved to favorites.

  64. Really enjoyed this blog post.Much thanks again. Cool.

  65. This awesome blog is definitely interesting as well as diverting. I have picked up a lot of useful advices out of this source. I ad love to visit it again soon. Thanks a lot!

  66. Looking around I like to look in various places on the online world, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  67. Yeah bookmaking this wasn at a risky determination outstanding post!.

  68. Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog.Really thank you! Really Great.

  69. This awesome blog is no doubt entertaining additionally informative. I have chosen helluva handy tips out of this blog. I ad love to visit it over and over again. Thanks a lot!

  70. Efficiently composed post and there is also interesting content. It will be important to anyone who utilizes it, including myself. Keep doing awesome hold up to peruse more.

  71. Its hard to find good help I am regularly proclaiming that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  72. Major thanks for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  73. That will be the end of this article. Here you

  74. Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog post.Really looking forward to read more.

  75. Mate! This blog is cool. How did you make it look like this !

  76. Thanks a lot for the blog post.Thanks Again.

  77. Really appreciate you sharing this blog post.Really thank you! Really Great.

  78. PleasаА аЂа• let mаА аЂа• know аАаб‚Т€Т“f thаАаб‚Т€Т“s ok ?ith аАааБТ“ou.

  79. This is very interesting, You are an overly professional blogger.

  80. Major thanks for the post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

  81. That is a great tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Brief but very accurate information Thank you for sharing this one. A must read post!

  82. Really enjoyed this post, is there any way I can get an alert email when you make a new post?

  83. Make sure that this blog will always exist.

  84. Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful article. Thank you for providing this info.

  85. This is the right webpage for anyone who really wants to find out about

  86. much healthier than its been in some time. Manning,

  87. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and the rest of the site is extremely good.

  88. Very nice post and right to the point. I don at know if this is really the best place to ask but do you people have any thoughts on where to employ some professional writers? Thank you

  89. This is one awesome blog.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

  90. Thank you for some other informative website. The place else may I get that type of info written in such a perfect approach? I have a undertaking that I’m just now running on, and I’ve been at the look out for such information.

  91. Very good post. I will be experiencing some of these issues as well..

  92. Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Really thank you! Want more.

  93. This web site certainly has all of the information I wanted about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  94. serais incapable avons enfin du les os du. Il reste trois parcours magnifique elle,

  95. This site truly has all of the information and facts I needed about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  96. It as really a nice and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  97. Studying this information So i am happy to convey that

  98. You are so awesome! I do not believe I ave truly read anything like this before.

  99. Wow, great article.Much thanks again. Will read on

  100. This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am in fact pleassant to read all at one place.

  101. Say, you got a nice blog.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  102. This blog is without a doubt entertaining additionally factual. I have found many useful stuff out of this source. I ad love to return again and again. Thanks a lot!

  103. prada ?аАТ’аЂа—?c?e?AаАТ’аЂа‰`???A?аАТ’аЂа ?E?аАТ’аЂа„?i?o ?O?e?A?? ?аАТ’аЂа—?c?e?AаАТ’аЂа‰`???A?аАТ’аЂа

  104. I regard something truly special in this internet site.

  105. Major thanks for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

  106. There is apparently a bunch to identify about this. I assume you made various good points in features also.

  107. I value the post.Really thank you! Great.

  108. pretty helpful material, overall I feel this is worthy of a bookmark, thanks

  109. Thanks so much for the article post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  110. Im thankful for the blog article.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

  111. Thanks for the post.Really thank you! Great.

  112. Wonderful article! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our website. Keep up the good writing.

  113. publish upper! Come on over and consult with my website.

  114. I truly appreciate this post. I?аАТ’аЂа†ve been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You ave made my day! Thx again

  115. This particular blog is obviously entertaining as well as informative. I have found a lot of interesting things out of this blog. I ad love to go back every once in a while. Cheers!

  116. Loving the information on this website, you have done great job on the posts.

  117. Its hard to find good help I am constantnly saying that its difficult to get good help, but here is

  118. I truly appreciate this blog article.Really thank you! Really Cool. click here

  119. This is one awesome article.Much thanks again. Will read on

  120. You ought to really control the comments listed here

  121. This awesome blog is definitely interesting and also amusing. I have picked up a bunch of helpful stuff out of this blog. I ad love to come back again soon. Thanks a bunch!

  122. Very nice blog post. I definitely appreciate this site. Thanks!

  123. value. But, with the increased revenue will come the

  124. I think this is a real great article post.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

  125. It is in reality a nice and useful piece of information. I am happy that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  126. wow, awesome blog post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  127. Really informative post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  128. Perfectly pent subject matter, thanks for entropy.

  129. Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog.Really thank you!

  130. Major thankies for the blog post.Really thank you! Really Great.

  131. Spot on with this write-up, I honestly think this website needs far more attention. I all probably be back again to see more, thanks for the info.

  132. Well I sincerely liked reading it. This tip procured by you is very useful for correct planning.

  133. Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog.Really thank you!

  134. Jak zosta dobrym sprzedawc Sprzeda przez telefon

  135. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You are incredible! Thanks!

  136. Say, you got a nice blog post.Really thank you! Fantastic.

  137. Terrific work! That is the type of info that are supposed to be shared around the web. Disgrace on Google for not positioning this post upper! Come on over and visit my web site. Thanks =)

  138. There is evidently a bundle to realize about this. I believe you made certain good points in features also.

  139. I think this internet site has got some really fantastic info for everyone . аЂа‹аЂ Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm.аЂ аЂа› by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

  140. Pretty! This was an extremely wonderful article. Many thanks for supplying this information.

  141. We appreciate you discussing this kind of blade and soul power leveling to all of us, we require it so we need a person. Continue the very good career and even learn more opinions from you.

  142. Well I really liked reading it. This subject provided by you is very practical for proper planning.

  143. The Constitution gives every American the inalienable right to make a damn fool of himself..

  144. It as difficult to find well-informed people in this particular subject, however, you seem like you know what you are talking about! Thanks

  145. Thanks for the article post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  146. Wohh precisely what I was searching for, thankyou for putting up. Talent develops in tranquillity, character in the full current of human life. by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

  147. pretty helpful material, overall I think this is worthy of a bookmark, thanks

  148. Many thanks for sharing this fine write-up. Very inspiring! (as always, btw)

  149. Very nice info and straight to the point. I am not sure if this is actually the best place to ask but do you people have any ideea where to employ some professional writers? Thx

  150. Thanks-a-mundo for the article post.Much thanks again. Will read on

  151. very couple of websites that come about to be detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out

  152. I think other website proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and great user genial style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  153. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched all over the place and just could not locate it. What a perfect website.

  154. Understanding whаА аЂаt you un?erstand no? out of

  155. Really enjoyed this blog article.Really thank you! Keep writing.

  156. I went over this internet site and I conceive you have a lot of excellent information, saved to bookmarks (:.

  157. pretty handy material, overall I think this is really worth a bookmark, thanks

  158. pretty useful material, overall I believe this is really worth a bookmark, thanks

  159. This Blog is so amazing always leave people with a craving heart to go in to the depth of the words its using.

  160. You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic that has been written

  161. week, and I am on the look for such information. Here is my webpage website

  162. Incredible! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It as on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Great choice of colors!

  163. inkishinov kossatzki akiva witches overkill rambert valcke tickets marzi

  164. I truly appreciate this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  165. Wolverine, in the midst of a mid-life crisis, pays a visit to an old comrade in Japan and finds himself in the midst of a power struggle.

  166. I relish, result in I found exactly what I used to be looking for. You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  167. I truly appreciate this post. I ave been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thank you again!

  168. Woman of Alien Perfect get the job done you have got completed, this site is de facto great with great data. Time is God as strategy for maintaining every little thing from going on directly.

  169. It’а†s really a cool and helpful piece of info. I am satisfied that you shared this useful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  170. Wow, great article post.Really thank you! Want more.

  171. yeah bookmaking this wasn at a risky determination outstanding post!.

  172. Wow! In the end I got a webpage from where I know

  173. Really enjoyed this post.Really looking forward to read more.

  174. This particular blog is really interesting as well as factual. I have chosen helluva helpful things out of this source. I ad love to return every once in a while. Thanks a lot!

  175. very nice post, i certainly love this web site, keep on it

  176. Say, you got a nice blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  177. Im thankful for the blog post.Thanks Again. Cool.

  178. Thanks for the article post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  179. Looking around I like to look around the web, regularly I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  180. This blog is without a doubt cool and besides factual. I have found a lot of handy stuff out of this source. I ad love to visit it again soon. Cheers!

  181. This blog is without a doubt entertaining additionally informative. I have picked many handy things out of this source. I ad love to return again soon. Thanks a lot!

  182. Looking forward to reading more. Great article post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  183. Wow, superb blog layout! How lengthy have you been blogging for? you make blogging look straightforward. The all round look of one as webpage is excellent, let alone the content material!

  184. I would really like you to turn out to be a guest poster on my blog.-; a-

  185. I really thankful to find this internet site on bing, just what I was looking for also saved to fav.

  186. Utterly composed written content , appreciate it for information.

  187. Thanks for the article.Much thanks again. Great.

  188. It as really a nice and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  189. This awesome blog is really interesting and informative. I have chosen a lot of useful tips out of it. I ad love to go back every once in a while. Cheers!

  190. Pero además, lo importante es que el Servicio Siemens ofrece al usuario la seguridad de que el técnico que le atiende está perfectamente cualificado, que los repuestos son originales y que tanto éstos como la reparación están garantizados. Hoy en día, en las grandes capitales proliferan las organizaciones piratas”, que buscan captar usuarios a los que, en primer lugar, se les hace un presupuesto que siempre es muy superior al del servicio técnico oficial y, además, se les exige pagar hasta un 50 por adelantado. No olvidemos tampoco que el técnico oficial Siemens es la cara” de la marca en casa del cliente.


[top]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *